A Station is an area where a manufacturing process is applied to material or a component to generate a product. Station properties provide a means of assigning cost to the station setup and operation. Properties participate in the analysis results. A station is defined using drawing geometry and can be simple or complex, depending on your preference. The following demonstrate this point:
A Product can be a single component or assembly that is produced as the output of the manufacturing process. Products can be nested within other products. For example, a sub-assembly (Sa1) can be part of a larger final assembly (Lg1) and a standalone product.
Routings represent the transportation between manufacturing stations. The routes between stations display as straight lines with arrowheads spanning the distance between station connectors. The arrowheads denote the direction of flow the product takes between stations and not the physical path. The routing lines provide estimated distances for analysis purposes.
In the Material Flow Browser, routings appear as Jobs composed of one to many operations. Each Operation is tied to a station. For example, a welding operation would be identified as Operation: Welding. Depending on how you defined the stations, this could be a small operation or a complex one.
As with any design there can be times when you need to share data, either by importing or exporting it. Factory data, parameters in the form of spreadsheet files, can be imported or exported so that it can be modified or shared with others. Note that this applies to parameters alone, geometry is not imported or exported.
A product routing displays the flow of the manufacturing process for the given product through the factory. The end product of a routing is a Job node with a list of assorted stations used to manufacture the product. The order of the stations should properly define the flow of the product through manufacturing. If stations are selected out of order, it is possible to reorder them.
You can import Station, Product, and Routing definitions formatted in the template format. Importing data provides a means of creating a large number of stations, products, and operations very quickly.
Two file formats are supported, Excel (.XLS, .XLSX) and XML. To define a file for import using Excel, you can start from a new file using the Factory.xlt template or open an exported file and modify as needed. You must use Excel 2003 or a newer version.
To import XML data into the spreadsheet you need to display the Developer tab. If you need help in displaying the tab, see the following article:
|Access:||Ribbon: Factory tab > Material Flow panel > Station.|
|Redefine||Removes the geometry from the station. Select the geometry that is to be included in the station. Right-click the background to end the selection process.|
|Reposition Connector||Select the new location for the connector.|
|Copy||Copies the selected station geometry, properties, and connector. The new station is in the same location as the copy host station. Use the standard Move command to relocate the station.|
|Rename||Highlights the station name allowing you to immediately enter a new name.|
|Delete||Deletes the selected station.|
|Properties||Displays the Factory Object Properties palette with the selected station properties.|
|Name||Read-only field displaying the station name.|
|Identifier||An asset tag value used to identify the station. It can be a corporate asset tag or departmental.|
|Setup Cost Rate (/hr)||Assigns the hourly cost for preparing the station resource for use in a manufacturing operation.|
|Processing Cost Rate (/hr)||Assigns the hourly cost for running manufacturing operations on the station.|
|Uptime Percent||Assigns the amount of time the asset is expected to be in use or available for immediate use.|
|Energy Consumption Cost Rate (/hr)||Assigns the hourly cost for energy required to operate the asset.|
|Access:||Ribbon: Factory tab > Material Flow panel > Product.|
Adds a new product to the list. The new product is the active selection.
Add is the only option if no product is selected.
|Rename||Highlights the product name so you can immediately enter a new name.|
|Delete||Deletes the selected product from the list.|
|Create Routing||Create a new routing for the selected product.|
|Properties||Displays the selected product properties in the Factory Object Properties palette.|
|Access:||Ribbon: Factory tab > Material Flow panel > Routing.|
|Job node||Lists the product being manufactured as the job name and, as child nodes, the operations used in the process.|
|Include in Analysis||Available only during an analysis. All jobs participating in the analysis are checked. To remove a job from an analysis, click Include in Analysis to uncheck it. Click it again to include the job in the analysis.|
|Append Station||Adds a new station at the end of the current list. You are prompted to identify the station.|
|Rename||Highlights the job name so you can immediately enter a new name.|
|Delete||Deletes the selected job from the list of jobs.|
|Properties||Displays the Factory Object Properties palette with the selected Job properties.|
|Operation node||Specifies the manufacturing Operation: Station used in the process.|
|Rename||Highlights the operation name so you can immediately enter a new name.|
|Delete||Deletes the selected operation from the list.|
|Properties||Displays the Factory Object Properties palette with the selected Operation properties.|
|Desired Production Rate|
|Part Quantity||Specifies the number of parts completed in a job.|
|Batch Size|| |
Specifies the number of parts in a batch. A batch equals the number of parts times the number of jobs at a given station.
For example, a job produces 10 parts which are put into a bin. The process allows for 10 bins to be placed on a pallet before transferring to another station. The batch size would be 100 parts, 10 (parts) × 10 (jobs per batch) = 100 parts in the batch.
|Operation Type|| |
A list of several operation types is presented, select the applicable one.
|Processing Time (min)||10 (default), specified the amount of time the process takes. The value is used in determining cost.|
|Setup Time (min)||5 (default), separate from process time, specifies the amount of time to setup the operation.|
|Start||Specifies the operation occurring at this sequence.|
|End||Specifies the next operation to be performed.|
|Transportation Type||Displays a list of transportation types to select from.|
|Travel Speed (ft / min)||100 (default) Specify the transportation travel speed at ft/min.|
|Cost Rate ( / min)||25 (default), specify the transportation cost rate per minute.|
|Load Time (min)||1 (default), specify the amount of time to load the product onto the transportation.|
|Unload Time (min)||1 (default), specify the amount of time to unload the product from the transportation.|
|Directionality||Specifies how the material or product is allowed to flow. Select from either Bidirectional (default) or Unidirectional.|
|Flow Type|| |
Specifies the transportation flow. Select from:
Continuous- continuously flowing, as in a motorized conveyor system. This resource handles product batches continuously.
Discrete- not continuously flowing, but intermittent based on the means of transportation.
If Continuous, the transportation travel time for a single batch is compared with the station processing time and unload time to determine how many batches are active on the transportation segment at any one time. The transportation cost is then reduced relative to the number of active jobs on the transportation segment.