Like the Histogram menu, the Curves menu allows you to remap the colour values for the individual red, green, blue, and luminance channels of the image. However, instead of adjusting the colour values by resetting just the maximum and minimum values for the colour range, the Curves menu allows you to remap any value in the colour range precisely.
To reset any changes to the Curves chart, click Reset. To reset all the changes in the Colour Corrector, click Reset All. The Curves menu also has its own Undo button that is separate from the overall Colour Corrector Undo.
There is one colour curve for each of the red, green, blue, and luminance channels of an image. The colour curves are generated by plotting the input values for the source image versus the output values for the resulting image.
For integer images, the input values range from 0 to 255, and are plotted along the horizontal axis. The output values range from 0 to 255, and are plotted along the vertical axis. The range for both the input values and the output values is from 0 to 255 in 8-bit mode, and from 0 to 4095 in 12-bit mode.
For 16-bit floating point images, the input values range from 0 to 1, and are plotted along the horizontal axis. The output values range from 0 to 1, and are plotted along the vertical axis. By default, there are 2 points on the curve, mapping 0 to 0 and 1 to 1. Use the Out Range option box to define whether the curves are constant (select Clamp) or linear (select No Clamp) before the first point of the curve and after the last point of the curve.
The default curve for each channel is a diagonal line that extends from the lower-left corner to the upper-right corner of the graph. The default curve represents the initial state in which the colour values for the pixels of the source image are equal to the values for the corresponding pixels of the resulting image. For example, all pixels that have a value of 100 in the source image also have a value of 100 in the resulting image.
The colour values of an image are remapped when you change the shape of a colour curve. Use the Curves Editor to add, delete, or move vertices on the curve. For example, move the end vertices on the curve to change the maximum and minimum values for the colour range. Add a vertex anywhere on the curve to remap a particular colour value.