- Revit MEP
The general procedure for calculating cooling load for each load component (lights, people, walls, roofs, windows, appliances, etc.) with RTS (ASHRAE) is as follows:
- Calculate 24 h profile of component heat gains for design day (for conduction, first account for conduction time delay by applying conduction time series).
- Split heat gains into radiant and convective parts.
- Apply appropriate radiant time series to radiant part of heat gains to account for time delay in conversion to cooling load.
- Sum convective part of heat gain and delayed radiant part of heat gain to determine cooling load for each hour for each cooling load component.
After calculating cooling loads for each component for each hour, the engine sums those to determine the total cooling load for each hour and selects the hour with the peak load for design of the air-conditioning system. The engine repeats this process for multiple design months to determine the month when the peak load occurs.
Heat gain through exterior opaque surfaces is derived from the same elements of solar radiation and thermal gradient as that for fenestration areas. It differs primarily as a function of the mass and nature of the wall or roof construction, because those elements affect the rate of conductive heat.