Place spaces in all areas of the building model to achieve an accurate heating and cooling loads analysis.
Revit uses the space component to maintain information about the area where it is placed. Spaces store values for a variety of parameters that affect the heating and cooling load analysis for a project. Be sure to place spaces in plenums and that would not be typically assigned a room component by an architect in the architectural model.
Rooms and spaces are independent components used for different purposes. Rooms are architectural components used to maintain information about occupied areas. Spaces are exclusively used for the MEP disciplines to analyze volume. They contain parameters that maintain information about the areas in which they have been placed. This information is used for performing a heating and cooling loads analysis.
Under certain conditions, spaces are when a project that was created with a version prior to Revit MEP 2009 is upgraded in Revit2012. Spaces created by automatic space creation are based on the rooms that exist in the project being upgraded. The phase of the space must match the phase of the room. In a linked model, the phase of the space must match or correspond (if it has a different phase name) to the phase of the linked room.
Spaces can be and , and . Unplacing spaces is not the same as deleting spaces. Spaces are immediately assigned to the Default zone when they are initially added to a project. Spaces can be viewed in a section view. Spaces cannot be viewed or placed in elevation or 3D views.
Spaces should be placed throughout the model, including unoccupied areas such as plenums areas. Spaces that are created (manually or automatically) in an area that contains a room are created as occupied (Occupiable parameter selected).
When placed in an enclosed area, the volume for a space is calculated to the surfaces of room-bounding components, such as walls, floors, ceilings, roofs, and space separation lines. The volume for the space expands horizontally and vertically to the extent of the face of the room-bounding components. Surfaces fall into one of two categories:
When spaces are not placed throughout the model, internal walls can be incorrectly identified as exterior walls, which results in an inaccurate heating and cooling loads analysis. The only exception is when the type parameter, Function, is specified as Interior or Core/Shaft for the room-bounding component.
For example, assume that the walls in the following illustration do not have their Function type parameter specified as either Interior or Core/Shaft. The illustration shows several areas where a space has not been placed. In each case, the surface for the office wall that is tangent to the area is considered exterior even though it is an interior wall.