The LED is the current preeminent environmentally-conscious solution, and many companies are retrofitting their current product lines as well as developing new concepts to take advantage of the LEDs design flexibility.
However, some difficult thermal challenges are associated with LED lighting systems. Roughly 75-85% of the total energy applied to an LED is converted into heat that needs to be conducted through a PCB and heat sink before being convected to the surrounding air. Junction temperatures can often range between 90 and 120 °C. The additional challenge is that LEDs need to run at much cooler temperatures than other lamp types.
This topic describes techniques for simulating LED and fluorescent lighting systems with Autodesk Simulation CFD. Several modeling strategies based on the physical configuration are described as well as specific guidelines for LED and fluorescent lighting systems.