Product help with community knowledge

### Page statistics

960 views1 edit(s)8572 characters(s) Page last modified 01:51, 25 Jun 2012 by contentconnector

# Laminar Thermal-Driven Cavity

Analysis Characteristics

• 2D internal flow
• Laminar
• Incompressible
• Natural convection

Reference

Davis, G. De Vahl and Jones, I.P., “Natural convection in a square cavity: a comparison exercise”, Inter. Jour. for Num. Meth. in Fluids, 3, (1983).

Problem Description

Temperature and velocity distributions are calculated for laminar, buoyancy-driven flow in a square cavity. The top and bottom walls are insulated, and the left and right walls are at fixed temperatures differing by 1 K.

The Rayleigh number is computed from:

• is the coefficient of volumetric expansion, defined as:
• g is the acceleration of gravity
• is the density
• is the specific heat
• L is the length of the cavity
• and are the temperatures of the left and right walls, respectively
• k is the conductivity of the fluid
• is the viscosity.
• Here, the Rayleigh number is 10,000.

This problem is analyzed to verify the fluid flow and heat transfer modeling capabilities of Autodesk Simulation CFD. Accuracy is assessed by comparing velocity components at specific locations in the cavity. Velocities and coordinates are normalized in accordance with Davies, et al. (1983) as follows:

Geometry and Boundary Conditions

Results

Using the expressions defined above for , , and , the following results are computed:

 Benchmark 2012: Build 20110628 % Error 2013: Build 20120131 % Error 16.178 15.814 2.244 15.905 1.686 0.823 0.8237 0.091 0.826 0.394 19.617 19.223 2.006 19.488 0.653 0.119 0.118 0.026 0.114 4.188