Activating the command: Setup Model Setup Parameters Advanced Time-Step tab
The information on this page applies to the following analysis types except if indicated:
Mechanical Event Simulation (MES)
Static Stress with Nonlinear Material Models
MES Riks Analysis
The Output interval field can be used to limit how often the results are written to the output files. A value of 1 will write the results after each time step, a value of 2 will write every other time step, and so on.
To start the analysis at a non-zero time, specify this time in the Starting time for event field. View the starting time as shifting the load curve and time step label shown in the results. However, the Starting time for event has no affect during a resume or restart analysis. In particular, the Starting time for event functions as follows:
During the analysis, the processor will reduce the time step if convergence cannot be achieved. To avoid this, activate the Use a constant time-step size check box. However, you may need to allow more iterations to converge (change the Maximum number of iterations field in the Equilibrium tab) and recalculate the stiffness matrix more often than once per time-step (change the Number of allowable stiffness reformations per time step field on the Equilibrium tab).
You can control the situations that cause the time step to be decreased using the Decrease trigger: rate of convergence drop-down box. If the Avoided option is selected, the time step will never be reduced because of the convergence rate. If the Always accelerating option is selected, the time step will be reduced whenever the rate of convergence decelerates. If the Allow initial decrease option is selected, the analysis will allow for a local maximum and then will decrease the time step if the rate of convergence decelerates. If the Automatic option is selected, the following will be chosen based on other model settings:
If the Decrease trigger: allow for non-monotonic convergence check box is activated, the time step will be reduced if the iteration tolerance is decreasing monotonically. If the Decrease trigger: compressed elements check box is activated, the time step will be reduced if you obtain compressed or severely distorted elements. If the Decrease trigger: high solution tolerance check box is activated, the time step will be reduced if the iteration results in a solution tolerance greater than 1.
The Time step change factor drop-down box controls the factor by which the time step is reduced whenever the analysis fails to converge. (Likewise, the time step increases by the Time step change factor when the model is converging and a larger time step can be used.) In particular, the current time step size DT is related to the time step level L as follows:
where n is the Time-step change factor. (Also see Setting Up and Performing the Analysis: Performing the Analysis:.)
You can also control the situations when the time step is increased after a solution is converged at the reduced time step. The value in the Increase trigger: number of convergent time-steps field controls how many monotonically convergent time steps must occur before the time step will be increased. The value in the Increase trigger: increment to number of convergent time-steps field controls how many additional time steps it will take before the time step is increased again, after it failed to converge at the increased time step.